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Honors Forum Resources

Why Cite?

Why Cite?

Citation and the lack thereof, plagiarism is the academic version of copyright. Plagiarism occurs when you borrow another's words (or ideas) and do not acknowledge that you have done so. In this culture, we consider our words and ideas intellectual property; like a car or any other possession, we believe our words belong to us and cannot be used without our permission. The best way to avoid plagiarism is to cite your sources - both within the body of your paper and in a bibliography of sources you used at the end of your paper.

You must cite:

  • Facts, figures, ideas, or other information that is not common knowledge
  • Ideas, words, theories, or exact language that another person used in other publications
  • Publications that must be cited include:  books, book chapters, articles, web pages, theses, etc.
  • Another person's exact words should be quoted and cited to show proper credit 

When in doubt, be safe and cite your source!

About APA Style

APA citation style is primarily used in the social sciences, such as Psychology, Economics & Business, and International Relations and Political Science.

The most current edition (7th) of the APA Style Manual was published in 2020.

Citing Works In-Text Using Seventh Edition APA Style

About MLA Style

MLA (Modern Language Association) citation style is primarily used in modern languages, cultural and humanities disciplines.

The most current edition (9th) of the MLA Handbook was published in 2021.